Горшков В.Г., Макарьева А.М. (2001) Диффузия тепловых фотонов в атмосфере. pp. 141-142 in: Dakhno L.G. (Ed.) PNPI XXX (Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute XXX-th Anniversary). Scientific Highlights. Theoretical Physics Division. PNPI, Gatchina, 145 pp., ISBN 5-86763-043-9. [на англ. яз.]
Аннотация

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2001) Diffusion of thermal photons in the atmosphere. pp. 141-142 in: Dakhno L.G. (Ed.) PNPI XXX (Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute XXX-th Anniversary). Scientific Highlights. Theoretical Physics Division. PNPI, Gatchina, 145 pp., ISBN 5-86763-043-9.
Abstract
Modern theory of radiative transfer in the atmosphere is based on various modifications of Lambert's law. The latter describes a flux of particles which propagates through an irreversibly absorbing medium (e.g. sunlight in water). However, it appears that application of the same approach to thermal radiation in the atmosphere is seriously flawed. Being in thermal equilibrium with the atmosphere, thermal photons cannot be irreversibly absorbed by molecules of atmospheric constituents. Absorption of thermal photons is inevitably accompanied by their emission. This has profound consequences for evaluation of the radiative properties of the atmosphere and, in particular, of the greenhouse effect and stability of the modern climate. Here we show that propagation of thermal radiation in the atmosphere is governed by the random walk of thermal photons. We derive the diffusion equation describing propagation of thermal photons in the atmosphere.